UPDATE: Apple has sent iMore the following statement. We've also explained how the Fraudulent webite warning system works and how you can disable it if you don't like it:
A report via Reclaim the Net has revealed Apple added Tencent Safe Browsing checks to the existing Google Safe Browsing checks as early as February of 2019. As part of that service, when checking if a website is fraudulent or not, Apple may send the IP address of the user to Tencent. Given the recent press cycle concerning Chinese influence over U.S. tech companies in general and apple in particular, this has raised some concerns.
According to the report:
When you access the Fraudulent Website Warning feature inside settings and click the "About Safari & Privacy..." link, users are met with the following disclaimer.
Reclaim The Net notes that the security feature is toggled on by default, so unless you have intentionally accessed these setting to disable the feature, there's a chance that at some point your IP address may have been logged by Tencent or Google whilst you've been browsing in Safari. According to one Twitter user, the addition of Tencent to this policy may have begun as early as February of this year with the iOS 12.2 beta. Apple has of course used Google Safe Browsing for some time.
In iOS 12.2 beta 2 Safari now uses Tencent Safe Browsing in addition to Google Safe Browsing. pic.twitter.com/92pZKBmwWsIn iOS 12.2 beta 2 Safari now uses Tencent Safe Browsing in addition to Google Safe Browsing. pic.twitter.com/92pZKBmwWs— Stijn de Vries (@StijnDV) February 4, 2019February 4, 2019
Apple doesn't maintain its own list of fraudulent websites and so relies on Google for most of the world's websites, and Tencent for websites in China.
It seems that this went unnoticed at the time, and has likely come to light in wake of reports surrounding Apple's dealing in and with China over recent days. Of course, users can avoid having their IP address logged by disabling the feature, however this leaves users vulnerable to accessing fraudulent websites, which of course is the whole point of this security feature.
You could install a third-party browser, however if you view a web page inside of an app, you'll be accessing it through Safari View Controller, and by default links within apps also open Safari. Essentially, it's very hard to avoid using Safari on iOS.
Tencent of course owns WeChat, and works closely with the Chinese Communist Party to facilitate government censorship, preventing the spread of negative information about the government. WeChat's censorship is so severe that it sometimes (unintentionally) censors neutral information published by approved state media outlets.
With regards to the logging of IP addresses, Reclaim The Net notes that an IP address can reveal a uers location, and can be used to profile users across devices:
This article was updated to explain how and why the fraudulent website warnings work.
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Stephen Warwick has written about Apple for five years at iMore and previously elsewhere. He covers all of iMore's latest breaking news regarding all of Apple's products and services, both hardware and software. Stephen has interviewed industry experts in a range of fields including finance, litigation, security, and more. He also specializes in curating and reviewing audio hardware and has experience beyond journalism in sound engineering, production, and design.
Before becoming a writer Stephen studied Ancient History at University and also worked at Apple for more than two years. Stephen is also a host on the iMore show, a weekly podcast recorded live that discusses the latest in breaking Apple news, as well as featuring fun trivia about all things Apple. Follow him on Twitter @stephenwarwick9