Twitter raises API walls, seems intent on starving out traditional apps

Twitter walls up API, seems intent on starving out traditional apps

Twitter has announced the upcoming version 1.1 of their API, and provided yet more "direction" to Twitter app developers. First, it's important to remember that the sky isn't falling. The Twitter apps you use today will still be usable tomorrow. The community you enjoy right now will still be with you for the foreseeable future. Yet reading the pronouncements, it's impossible not to realize that Twitter's plans for those apps and that community will change them, soon, and forever.

Last time Twitter foreshadowed changes to their policy, I made the analogy that it was like someone who's lover worked to put them through college, who was then dumped the day after graduation. With today's changes, Twitter seems to have gone from unappreciative to all out offensive. To put it in medieval terms, they've surrounded developers, walled them up, and seem intent on starving out traditional Twitter apps out.

That's feeling I get reading Twitter's new Changes coming in Version 1.1 of the Twitter API post on dev.twitter.com. Here's what will soon be required:

  • All API calls will have to be authenticated. That's not a bad thing; it would cut down scraping and other potentially onerous activity.
  • Rate limits on a per-endpoint basis. Right now Twitter limits API calls to 350 per hour, regardless of whether you're calling one API or all of them. Now each API will have its own rate-limit. If you call many, maybe it'll work out better for you. If you call only one, you'll be in trouble.

But they save the kicker for last:

  • Changes to developer rules of the road. This is where Twitter once again urges Twitter app developers to no longer develop Twitter apps by increasing control of how these apps need to display data, and increasing the cap on how much data they can show. It essentially means no third party Twitter app could possibly grow big enough to support a significant portion of Twitter's still-growing user base.

The image of API calls standing in bread lines, desperate for their meager rations comes to mind, as does the image of people swallowing their favorite Twitter apps in a vain attempt to sneak them across the wall.

And as a longtime user of the service, it's that's how I feel when I read that they'd love to promote business tools like Dataminr and status markers like Klout, but want to marginalize Tweetbot and Twitterific. Or phrased the other way, they want to get rid of apps that are used by me, and facilitate apps that use me and my data. They want me mined and ranked, not empowered and engaged.

I understand that I, and many other early, geeky adopters, are no longer Twitter's user-base. They're mainstream now. They're filled with people who have almost no followers, follow hundreds of celebrities, and send almost not DMs. And I'm not Twitter's revenue stream. No user is. Like Google and Facebook, I'm the product they want to sell -- my metrics, my date, in aggregate -- as their revenue stream. I get that.

Yet it's still difficult to imagine that Twitter couldn't have gone about this in a different way. That they couldn't figure out a way to create and protect their own revenue streams and longterm plans without creating uncertainty for and the perception of hostility towards, the developers who were there with them from the beginning and helped them build the service they're now monetizing and positioning for the future.

Twitter uses these quadrants to say they want apps in the top and bottom left, and bottom right, but not the top right. By saying that, they're very literally saying they don't want anything that "engages consumers".

And it's difficult to imagine that a lot of people at Twitter, who love Twitter every bit as much as we geeks to, have ideas for doing just that. I hope the Powers that Be at Twitter pause, reflect, and reconsider, and then listen to those better ideas.

There has to be something other than "thou shalt make no Twitter clients before me."

Earlier today Apple apologized for, and reversed, a bone-headed, customer-hostile decision they'd made. Would that Twitter had their grace and insight.

I'd like to thank Craig Hockenberry and Gedeon Maheux and everyone at the Iconfactory for Twitterrific, and Loren Brichter of Atebits for Tweetie, and Paul Haddad and Mark Jardine of Tapbots for Tweetbot, and all the other developers who put time and money and blood into making better user experiences than Twitter themselves were capable of. It's appreciated, and I'm sure many will continue to use and enjoy your apps for absolutely as long as possible.

Apropos of nothing, you can find me on app.net @reneritchie and on Google+ +Rene Ritchie

Have something to say about this story? Share your comments below! Need help with something else? Submit your question!

Rene Ritchie

Editor-in-Chief of iMore, co-host of Iterate, Debug, Review, Vector, and MacBreak Weekly podcasts. Cook, grappler, photon wrangler. Follow him on Twitter and Google+.

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Reader comments

Twitter raises API walls, seems intent on starving out traditional apps

8 Comments

Re: "Yet it's still difficult to imagine that Twitter couldn't have gone about this in a different way."

Agree Rene. Twitter is big enough to do almost anything they want. "You don't like our API policies? Fine. You are free to go build your own micro-blogging empire."

I doubt Twitter is trying to hype their own app or drive people to access Twitter through browsers. I'm sure they're just acting to prevent automated "scraping" and data mining, and to help manage the load on their servers. There aren't too many ways to do that other than by capping the number of requests per hour.

If this was simply to prevent scraping, Twitter would not have, on multiple occasions, told people not to make clients. This is definitely to get people to use browsers or the 1st party Twitter client, where they have more control over monetizing the views.

Twitter needs to wake up and realize the tighter they make the noose they think is around their users and 3rd party developers necks, they will realize too late its really been around their own.

I can take it or leave it, Twitter is nice but hardly a must have place to visit, there will be other platforms to come along that will do what they started out doing and actually stick to it.

One other thought, if the folks at Twitter cannot write a native client to save their lives then perhaps they need to buy out one of the other client apps and make that the native app, oh wait they see it as better business to starve their better apps out of existence and try to force users into their poorly implemented native app instead. #TwitterFail #TwitterNativeAppFail

I guess using website or/and their own client only means more revenue by ads. Personally, I will just simply stop using twitter, so less time wasted hehe

I would have to agree. Twitter can either make a better client, charge a monthly access fee (cut down on spammers), say $5 a month. I don't mind ads, but I do mind restrictions to how I access content. Its not like Twitter didn't know when they started that they had to generate a revenue stream, bending your customers over is not the best way to get that revenue though.

Absolutely. IMO, it's nothing to get crazy-passionate about, but if Twitter goes the route Rene mentions, and I no longer have the option to choose a client other than Twitter's, I'll simply stop using it ("it" being Twitter). Actions speak louder than words. When Twitter notices their user base activity start to dwindle, and/or accounts start to disappear (for us like-minded individuals), maybe that will help them "re-evaluate" their position.

I don't see anything wrong with what they are doing. If some people don't want to make the apps fine. I can use the official one. And honestly someone else will come along to fill the void of others. It's their business I say they can do whatever they want with it. But as a users i don't really care.

No offense & this isnt an attack on you (I know how easy people get butthurt in comments/forums, so had to point that out), but I think you're not really grasping what they/TwitterGods are actually trying to do here (in terms of us users & 3rd party devs....that IMHO have made Twitter what it is today). But honestly I cant be arsed to explain it all/have a discussion about it, so......blah blah blah.